In Venice there are a variety of 250 churches between consecrates and not, very characteristic as they are decorates with colorful paintings and majestic sculptures.
Thanks to the numerous buildings, bridges, canals, boats, bars, restaurants, squares and streets, Venice is a city able to attract tourists from all corners of the world, different for culture, language and religion, but all equally intoxicated by the unique beauty of the city of Venice.
The most important churches in the city:
The Basilica of San Marco : legend tells that in the year 828 two venetian fishermen, Buono da Malamocco and Rustico da Torcello, managed to take possession of the body of the Evangelist Mark kept in Alexandria d'Egitto.When they arrived in Venice with the relics, the saint was immediately proclaimed patron of the city and they built the basilica to guard his relics.
Completely rebuilt in the twelfth century, San Marco began to take on its current appearance thanks to the magnificent and precious mosaics that were gradually created both inside and outside.In the following years, the mosaic decoration of the Basilica will become unique in the world.In the following years, the mosaic decoration of the Basilica will become unique in the world.The Treasures of San Marco are innumerable inside; over the years, Venetian merchants, nobles and warriors collected thousands of treasures thus creating inside the Basilica a collection of hundreds of works of the highest artistic value and of inestimable economic value.
The Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute, located in Venice in Punta della Dogana, was built as a thanksgiving by the Venetians to the Madonna for having freed them from the terrible plague, which struck Venice between 1630 and 1631, thus dedicating even a full day each year, in fact today on 21 November the Feast of the Madonna della Salute is celebrated, which together with that of the Redeemer (third Sunday of July) is one of the religious traditions most felt by the citizens of Venice.The Basilica completed in 1687 is today one of the best examples of Baroque in Venice. Inside it houses valuable works by Tintoretto and Titian, while on the main altar you can admire statues of Giusto Le Court, a Flemish sculptor moved to Venice. Do not miss the beautiful works by Luca Giordano, a great Neapolitan painter, in the altars on the right of the Church.
Church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli, erected in the Canareggio district and completed in 1489, it is one of the most beautiful examples of the Renaissance in Venice. In Venice it is known as the 'casket' because it has a simple shape and is completely covered, both inside and outside, with colored marble (they are said to be what is left of the work of the Basilica of San Marco). On the altar there is the painting of the Virgin and Child, and a splendid organ, which only a few and the luckiest could hear.The church is second only to San Marco in wealth and is particularly requested for weddings because inside there is a staircase leading to the presbytery which, at particular times of the day, is flooded with light from the dome. An extremely suggestive place in Venice where to make the love pact. The wooden coffered ceiling with carved and gilded frames is also of great impact. A detail that gives even more prominence to the Church is the left external side of the Church, completely immersed in the canal.
Basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, (also called Basilica San Zanipòlo) in Campo Santi Giovanni e Paolo in the Castello district, was completed in 1343.
Known as the Pantheon in Venice, those who visit it will be able to admire funeral monuments of impressive beauty and size (with equestrian statues of natural size) made in different eras, and therefore an artistic evolution over time.
The square is beautiful and scenic, dominated by the equestrian statue dedicated to Colleoni.
Basilica of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, finished building in 1338, located in the San Polo district, in Campo dei Frari, stands majestically as a splendid example of Venetian Gothic.
The Basilica is the protagonist of the cultural life of the city thanks to the busy calendar of classical and symphonic music concerts organized every year. After San Marco, it is one of the most important religious complexes in the city and represents one of the main Italian centers for the Order of Franciscans. Inside, among other paintings, Titian's Assumption and Giovanni Bellini's Triptych of the Friars, and the funeral monuments of Canova and Titian.
The Church of San Rocco is located in Campo San Rocco, in the San Polo district.
Finished building in 1494, by Bartolomeo Bon but then restored in 1771, it owes much of its fame to Tintoretto, who for a long time had to "brig" to get commissions to embellish the church. On the sides of the organ, the doors painted by Tintoretto, depicting the Annunciation (left), and San Rocco (right), as well as 4 paintings with scenes from the life of San Rocco.
The Basilica of San Giorgio Maggiore, established on the island of the same name, with its imposing entrance directly overlooking the San Marco basin, remains a monumental complex partially built by Andrea Palladio, the same architect of the Basilica of the SantissimoRedentore. It was completed in 1610. The church is an imposing building that incorporates the architecture of Ancient Rome, in the Palladian style. Inside, two more works by Tintoretto: Jews in the desert and the Last Supper. Do not miss the view of Venice from the bell tower (with lift and for a fee € 5.00).
Church of the Madonna dell’Orto, located in the homonymous square in the Canareggio district, in the past it was linked to a monastery of the order of the Humiliated who preached a return to the origins of Christian poverty.
Venetian Gothic style with Renaissance grafts, where Tintoretto was buried in 1954; the church stood in an area of merchants and merchants, very devoted and dedicated to donations, so in a short time the church and its friars accumulated wealth and power. In addition, at first the church was named after San Cristoforo, but one day the friars decided to bring inside the building a statue of the Madonna particularly loved by the Venetians, which was placed in a nearby garden. Since then the Church took the name of Madonna dell’Orto and of poor San Cristoforo only a statue remains at the entrance.
The Basilica of the Santissimo Redentore, completed in 1592, since in 1577 the Senate commissioned Andrea Palladio to build the building: the great architect thus gave life to one of his greatest expressions of religious architecture.
The church in the past assumed a symbol of rebirth, after the plague of 1576 when the disease made thousands of victims including the painter Titian.
Inside you can admire the three apses communicating with the central dome, the altarpieces with the story of Jesus, the Madonna and Child, and on the back the two conical bell towers, which closely resemble minarets.
Church of San Zaccaria, close to the Palazzo Ducale and Piazza San Marco, in the Castello district is one of the oldest churches in the city and also one of the most particular, dating back to the 9th century, owes its current Renaissance aspect to the work that was completed in 1515.
The ambulatory, the corridor surrounding the main altar is also of interesting originality, inside the Church: it is characteristic of the Northern European churches and is one of the rare examples found in Venetian churches.